Norwegian Geography

Norwegian Geography


Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates:

62 00 N, 10 00 E

Map references:



total: 324,220 sq km
land: 307,860 sq km
water: 16,360 sq km
norway map


slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:

total: 2,515 km
border countries: Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 167 km


21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

Maritime claims:

contiguous zone: 10 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 4 nm


temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast


glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Glittertinden 2,472 m

Natural resources:

petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

Land use:

arable land: 3%
permanent crops: NA%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 27%
other: 70% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land:

970 sq km (1993 est.)

Environment—current issues:

water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

Environment—international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.


about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway only NATO member having a land boundary with Russia.


total: 4,023 km
standard gauge: 4,023 km 1.435-m gauge (2,422 km electrified; 96 km double track) (1996)


total: 91,323 km
paved: 65,753 km (including 106 km of expressways)
unpaved: 25,570 km (1996 est.)


1,577 km along west coast; 2.4 m draft vessels maximum


refined products 53 km

Ports and harbors:

Bergen, Drammen, Floro, Hammerfest, Harstad, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Larvik, Narvik, Oslo, Porsgrunn, Stavanger, Tromso, Trondheim
Airports: 102 (1997 est.)

Airports—with paved runways:

total: 65
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 28 (1997 est.)

Airports—with unpaved runways:

total: 37
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 32 (1997 est.

A Table of Facts and Figures

Norway at a glance

Links To Other Sites:

Geography of Norway

Learn about the geography, climate, natural phenomena and wild life of Norway. Follow this link

Geography of Norway Continued

Learn about the Northern Lights, the Midnight Sun and Northern Lights of Norway. Follow this link

Norway CIA Sheet

Location, Geographic coordinates, Area, Land boundaries, Coastline, Maritime...Follow this link

Information Norway

Norway has been an independent state since 1905, but has existed as a country sinceHarald Hårfagre (or Fairhair) (AD 860-940) assembled the smaller kings and princes under his rule and proclaimed himself king of the Norwegians. Follow this link

Norway topography and bathymetry

Norway topography and bathymetry - Maps and Graphics at UNEP/GRID- Arendal. Follow this link

About Norway

Facts & Figures, Society & People, Culture, history .. at Norway Official website in the United States. Follow this link

Facts on Norway

Norway is one of the Nordic countries, occupying the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula, with a total area of 323 878 sq km. It is bordered by the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea and Barents Sea in the west, Russia, Finland and Sweden in the east, and the Skagerrak (an arm of the North Sea) in the south. Most of the country consists of mountains and plateaus. Follow this link

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